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ADAptation actions

Night irrigation

Description

Evaporation during the night or early hours of the morning is minimal; therefore distributing water in this time window decreases the amount of irrigation to be supplied to the system. In fact, taking advantage of the hours with less radiation gives the soil time to absorb water without a significant amount being lost due to intense radiation and high temperatures in the central hours of summer days, especially in the case of overhead irrigation. This technique also reduces problems due to leaf burns caused by droplets of water on the epigeal apparatus, which act as converging radiation lenses. In viticulture, this opportunity is interesting if adopted with a drip irrigation system.

Characteristics

Supply chain:

Dairy products (Parmigiano-Reggiano), Fruit and vegetables, Wine

Climate risk:

Drought

Action area:

Water

Mitigating action:

No

Technical level:

Medium

Applicable farm size:

Small, large

Effectiveness with respect to:

Drought
High

Time frame of the action:

(Referring to the effectiveness of the action from an economic, agronomic and environmental point of view)

Drought
Short-term: 1 year or crop cycle